The Birth of the United States Post Office – During early colonial times most correspondence happened between the colonists and England. The King’s authorities would read and scour all the information and mail which was being sent. Correspondence between the colonies depended on trusted friends, merchants, or friendly Native Americans.
Around 1639 Richard Fairbanks’ Tavern in Boston, Massachusetts was designated since the official repository of mail from the General Court of Massachusetts (appointed from the King). Using taverns as mail drops was common practice in England, as well as the colonists adopted this practice as well. Local authorities designated by town representatives and Post Office Near Me inside the colonies, a few of which are still around today.
In 1673, Governor Francis Lovelace of brand new York set up a monthly mailing post between Ny and Boston. The post rider’s trail became called Old Boston Post Road, which can be a part of today’s U.S. Route 1. Old Post Road in North Attleborough, Massachusetts was thing about this rider’s trail and is one among the oldest roads in America.
In 1683, William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania and a leader inside the Quaker community, established its’ first post office. Slaves or private messengers delivered communications from a single plantation to another one.
Most significantly, Thomas Neale received a twenty-twelve months grant in 1691 from the British Crown to start a North American postal service. Neale had never laid foot on North American soil, so he appointed then Governor Andrew Hamilton of the latest Jersey as his Deputy Postmaster General. Neale’s franchise cost him only 80 cents per year. In 1699, he assigned his interests in America up to Andrew Hamilton and R. West. Neale died heavily in debt because of this endeavor.
By 1707, the British Government had purchased the rights to the North American postal service from your widow of Andrew Hamilton and R. West. The federal government then appointed Andrew Hamilton’s son, Andrew, as Deputy Postmaster General of America. He served until 1721 when he was succeeded by John Lloyd of Charleston, South Carolina.
In 1730, Alexander Spotswood, a former lieutenant governor of Virginia, became Deputy Postmaster General for America. Seven years later, Spotswood appointed Benjamin Franklin as postmaster of Philadelphia. In 1753, Bejamin Franklin and William Hunter who had been postmaster of Williamsburg, Virginia, were appointed through the British Crown as Joint Postmasters for that colonies. Upon Hunter’s death in 1761, a man called John Foxcroft of brand new York succeeded him, serving up until the outbreak of the Revolutionary War.
During his time being a Joint Postmaster General for that Crown, Benjamin Franklin influenced many important and lasting improvements inside the colonial posts. He immediately began to reorganize the service; he inspected Light Blue within the North so when far south as Virginia. New surveys were made, milestones were put on principal roads, and new and shorter routes were presented. The very first time, post riders carried mail during the night between Philadelphia and New York City, and the travel time had been shortened in two.
William Goddard, a publisher, set up a post for colonial only mail service. It was separate from the British crown and was funded by purchasing subscriptions. Net revenues were to be utilized to boost his postal service. In 1774 Goddard suggested to Congress the colonies combine to form a United Postal Service. He considered that this would be a way to separate the colonies’ mail from your British postal inspectors. This way they might communicate colonial news only to the colonies. Goddard proposed his concept of a postal company to Congress 2 yrs before the Declaration of Independence was signed
By 1774 colonists did not trust the British crown and viewed the royal post office with suspicion. Benjamin Franklin have been dismissed of his post duties through the Crown for his actions. The crown considered that Franklin was displaying sympathy to the cause of the colonies. In September 1774, soon after the Boston riots, known today since the Boston Massacre, the colonies begun to outside of England. A Continental Congress was organized at Philadelphia in May 1775 to establish an independent government. One of the first questions before the delegates was the best way to convey and provide the mail.
Using the Revolutionary War imminent, the Continental Congress assembled and enacted the “Constitutional Post.” This act ensured that communications between the public and patriots, or those fighting for America’s independence, continued. On July 26, 1775, the Second Continental Congress chose Benjamin Franklin as the nation’s first Postmaster General. The establishment from the organization that took over as the Post Office Thanksgiving Hours nearly two centuries later traces back for this date and Ben Franklin. In 1760, Franklin reported a surplus towards the British Postmaster General.
Franklin dedicated himself within this position, as well as many others, to satisfy George Washington’s dream of an information highway involving the citizens and government. Like Goddard, whose idea was to become united, Washington believed, that being a nation, we might forever be bound together by way of a communication system of roads. When Franklin left office in November of 1776, post fkjiwq operated from Florida to Canada and mail between the colonies and England was operating on a regular schedule.
America’s present day postal service descends from an unbroken line of the system Franklin created, planned, and placed in operation. History rightfully affords him major credit for establishing the basis from the postal service which includes performed magnificently for that American people.